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The Hills of Raqqa – Geolocating the James Foley Video

August 23, 2014

By Eliot Higgins

Earlier this week the Guardian reported on claims made by hostages held by the Islamic State, identifying the speaker in the James Foley video as being an Islamic State member based in Raqqa, an Islamic State stronghold in north-central Syria. Based on that claim, and information in the James Foley video it’s possible to narrow down the location the video was filmed at.

In the video there’s not a great deal of information, however, it is possible to determine some information from the images.

Angle 5

It appears to be a hilly area, with barely any plants or grass, and in the distance we can see a green plain below the hills. In the below map we can see Raqqa, surrounded by green plains, with hills to the south

Sat map Raqqa

The position of the shadows in the video suggest this was filmed in the morning, with the camera pointing northwards. Based on that it seems reasonable to search the hills to the south of Raqqa for a possible location. But what details are available in the video to match to the featureless terrain in the area?

It appears the video was filmed on an area of raised ground, with the edge of the raised area circled in red in the below image.

Raised 1 Raised 2

Also visible is the edge of a track, circled in green, leading to a break in the rocks, circled in purple, which is also visible in this picture.

Raised 3

In this image, filmed face on to James Foley, the break in the rocks is visible on the left, with another small break in the rocks visible on the right.

Break 1

It also appears that in the distance there’s no obvious structures beyond what may be trees or small individual buildings.

Break 2

After examining the hill in the area, I believe this is a likely match for what’s visible in the video.

Location 1

The below images show the track entrance to the area, and you can see in the satellite map images the rock outcrop would be partly covering the entryway, as it does in the video.

Jut 1 Jut 2

Also visible on the satellite map imagery is the raised area the video is filmed on.


Based on that information it appears these are the approximate positions of what we can see in the video.

Location 2

When the camera is positioned to the right it appears trees are visible in the distance that are a possible match to the trees on the road to the north-west. It’s also worth noting buildings or other structures are not visible on the satellite map or on the video.

Background 1 Background 2

In the below images we see the view north, through the break in the hillside.

Background 3 Background 4

Again, we see very little beyond fields, and the occasional tree or structure. For example, this tree is roughly 1km directly north of the camera.

Background 5

Having reviewed locations along the hills south of Raqqa this appears to be the only location which fits what little information is available in the video. Along the hills this appears to be the most isolated spot with any sort of road access, with most other areas with road access appearing to have structures that would be visible in the video. Based on all available information we can say that at the very minimum the James Foley video was filmed in the hills south of Raqqa, and likely at the location shown above, supporting the claims made in the Guardian that Raqqa is the possible location of the remaining hostages.

Update ISSE Net has produced this interesting counter-argument to the above location being the site of the James Foley execution.

Eliot Higgins

Eliot Higgins is the founder of Bellingcat and the Brown Moses Blog. Eliot focuses on the weapons used in the conflict in Syria, and open source investigation tools and techniques.

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  1. cora

    This looks like an amazing detective work ok, but I think that for the potential safety of remaining hostages, that kind of work should not be published on the internet…

  2. LF

    Knowing the height of James Foley, with a time span defined (sun movement considerations), shadow angle i believe theoretically it’s possible to know the latitude.

  3. Dan Trojak

    Excellent detective work. I totally admire your theory, scientific knowledge and estimated calculations but it appears there was one VERY IMPORTANT calculation you didn’t take into consideration when estimating or calculating “distances”……
    The executions were filmed on HD (1080p) SmartPhones…. not DSLR cameras with 35mm Field Of View lenses.
    Smartphone lenses have a wider Field of View and a tendency to make objects in the background appear much further away than they truly are.
    Did you also take this potential into consideration during your calculations?
    Objects which appear to be some distance away in the videos might actually be closer than you realise.
    It is possible to correct the Field of View in several freebie softwares which might help tighten up on the true location and “true distances”.
    Keep up the excellent work 🙂

  4. Yve Clark

    I have tried similar techniques with photographs I had taken myself on a tour of Israel. It is incredibly difficult even when you have a rough idea where the picture was taken. I have to say that your reasoning is sound and I am impressed. As I found features on the ground took very different from above. Curved roads may appear straight in photographs for instance. You have encouraged me to see what I can find out. Thank you for that.


    Rompiamoli il culo a questi bastardi del isis
    Tagliamoli le palle e mettiamole in bocca
    Vai America

  6. Tripod2

    Not impressed at all. Since the video doesnt show blood or the beheading at all, ill only be impressed if you prive he was really beheaded at all. No interest in the geolocation of a knife waving in front of a journalist’s neck, faded to black before any blood, followed by a picutre of a body with a head (unidentifiable as Foley’s) on its chest,

    Yoyre a tool


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