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Identifying the Location of the MH17 Linked Missile Launcher From One Photograph

July 18, 2014

By Eliot Higgins

In the aftermath of the MH17 downing in Ukraine various images and videos were shared on social media sites claiming to show the Buk missile launcher that was alleged by some to have been used to shoot down flight MH17.  One photograph was shared on social media sites, reportedly showing the missile launcher in Snizhne, close to where a video show a Buk missile launcher was filmed

buk possible site.jpg


There doesn’t seem much to go on in this picture, but one of my long term followers, Aric Toler, managed to piece together the location using a variety of open source information, in a way that impressed myself and others who have spent their time geolocating images from conflict zones.  I asked him to talk me through the process, and here’s what he told me.

His first step was to identify the store with the yellow facade in the picture.  Aric has knowledge of Russian, and he was able to piece together the visible letters on the stores sign, and from that he was able to search for chain stores which contained those characters, which he discovered was Строй Дом.  He searched for Строй Дом in Snizhne, but was unable to find any.   He searched through Google results for the name, and eventually found a reference to one here, located in the town of Torez.  He then found the specific address by search the terms “стройдом” “торез” “50 лет ссср” on Google, the name of the shop, the town, and the street.  This found a court document with the name of the shop and it’s address as part of a testimony from a witness.  From knowing the address he was then able to identify the location on Yandex Maps


Something else that came up in the searches were videos filmed by someone who had been posting videos of himself driving around Torez


These videos stated the roads they were filmed on, and include shots of the store from the east heading west, and the north heading south


Visible in both videos were the store and the distinct apartment building with black and white stripes down each corner of the building.  It was then possible to follow the path of the car in the videos on satellite maps, confirming the position of further landmarks along the route.

Based on that information it was possible to say the camera was positioned (marked in red) in the forecourt of a garage south of the store (marked in yellow), and the approximate position of the Buk missile launcher (marked in green)


Aric didn’t use any specialised knowledge, beyond his language skills, to do this that would have been beyond anyone else doing the same investigation.  All the information was available online, and from a single photograph he was able to establish the exact location of the missile launcher.  Speaking as someone who has done this for a while, it’s very difficult to establish a location from one photograph alone, so the fact this was his first attempt to geolocate something like this is really impressive, and sets a great example to anyone who might be thinking about trying some geolocation.

Eliot Higgins

Eliot Higgins is the founder of Bellingcat and the Brown Moses Blog. Eliot focuses on the weapons used in the conflict in Syria, and open source investigation tools and techniques.

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  1. JulianSchnell

    I appreciate the work you guys are doing, it’s impressive! Is there a way to assure recording times of videos and pictures showing the missile launcher? Theoretically, they might have been shot not recently (assuming that the landscape, buildings etc have not changed!)?!

  2. ManuMMiralles

    Is there a way to assure that the picture was taken the 17th and not earlier?

  3. PHP

    You can use shadow directions and length on photos to estimate time of day, and time of year pretty accurate if you know height of one object that casts shadows. Vegetation can help tell if it is spring or autumn.

    Simple astronomy and trigonometry.

    I would say picture is taken shortly before noon sun-time.

  4. Matt

    In case you’re looking for a talent pool of open-source geolocators: Andrew Sullivan’s “The Dish” has a weekly “View from your Window” contest where viewers try to find out the exact location of a photograph someone took from a window somewhere in the world, solely using open source. The results are often astonishing. Imagine if all those people searched for places together instead of all by themselves 🙂

  5. robert hof

    I am extremely interested in your courageous necessary investigations. We start later this year a filmproject, whereby we will be very interactive with the public. In this project we focus on the events in the Ukraine. Continuous research about the covert operations of Russia is highly important and would be of great importance to publish during the realization of this project.

    I am a filmmaker with 30 years experience, but right now I want to focus much more on the power of internet, public and everybody on the base.
    Your efforts sound great. I would love contact. Robert

  6. michaelbay

    how about the misleading dutch report given recently about the MH17, where they do show pictures from the real plane with huge holes on in, i think the BUK theory is worth a buck. But is nice to see your page so well funded ;D


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