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Category: Middle East & North Africa

September 29, 2017

By Syrian Archive

Three Idlib Medical Facilities Attacked on 19 September 2017

On 19 September 2017, just four days after the Astana International meeting establishing Syria’s De-Escalation Zones in many parts of the country, and only days after the United Nations’ Commission of Inquiry presented findings of a fact-finding mission confirming the illegal use of chemical weapons and the systemic targeting of medical facilities by the Syrian…

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September 11, 2017

By Gregory Waters

The Battle for Manshiyah: A Victory in 100 Pictures

The following timeline details the day-to-day events of the three-month rebel offensive to capture the al-Manshiyah neighborhood of the southern Syrian city of Dara’a. Documenting this battle relied almost exclusively on the recently removed opposition group al-Bunyan al-Marsous’ Telegram channel. With the exception of the geo-location maps, all pictures and statements shown below were originally…

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September 6, 2017

By Eliot Higgins

A History of Sarin Use in the Syrian Conflict

Through the course of the Syrian conflict, there have been multiple allegations related to the use of Sarin as a chemical weapon. While the April 4, 2017 Khan Sheikhoun and August 21, 2013 Damascus attacks are what most people are familiar with, Sarin has been used as a chemical weapon in Syria on multiple occasions, often…

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September 4, 2017

By Christiaan Triebert

Geolocating Libya’s Social Media Executioner

Warning: this article contains graphic material. Update: Incident One, Four and Five have been geolocated. In Short: The International Criminal Court issued its first ever arrest warrant solely based on social media evidence; This warrant is a significant development and aligns the Court with the realities of today’s conflict zones; All seven videos on which…

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September 1, 2017

By Laurence Bindner

Wilayat Internet: ISIS’ Resilience across the Internet and Social Media

Laurence Bindner, Raphael Gluck This article was originally published in French on Ultima Ratio. Since partly going underground in the deep-web, ISIS exerts continuous pressure to make its propaganda surface on the public web. Adapting constantly to ever more active censorship, ISIS uses the various web platforms in an opportunistic and agile way. Therefore, online…

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August 29, 2017

By Pieter Van Ostaeyen

From Grozny to Raqqah with Stopover Brussels – The ‘Eastern Contingent’ of Belgian Foreign Terrorist Fighters

Belgian authorities have started to disclose identities of foreign terrorist fighters who weren’t prosecuted yet, forced to do so in order to freeze their assets. Using a law from 2006, they can only impose “specific measures against certain people and entities in the fight against the financing of terrorism” when the names are published in the official journal ‘Belgisch Staatsblad/Moniteur belge’.

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August 2, 2017

By Christiaan Triebert

In Digital Pursuit of a Suicide Truck: Tracking a Blue Hyundai Porter That Killed over 100 Evacuees in Syria

Summary On April 15, 2017, an explosion rocked a convoy of buses carrying evacuees near Syria’s opposition-held Al-Rashideen leading to more than 100 deaths. The coaches were carrying evacuees from the besieged government-held towns of Fuaa and Kefraya in the Idlib governorate; Initial reports said that the explosion was caused by a suicide bomber. A…

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